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Zkratky a termíny: co znamenají?

12. březen 2012

Prohlížíte si svou těhotenskou průkazku a luštíte, co asi znamená ta která zkratka? Co je CS nebo TK? A jste primipara, nebo multipara? Pokusme se odtajnit lékařské zkratky a termíny.


Zkratky a termíny: co znamenají?Zkratky a termíny: co znamenají?

Dostala jste do ruky svoje první oficiální potvrzení o vašem „jiném stavu“, těhotenskou průkazku. Co ale značí ty záhadné zkratky? Chcete jim porozumět a být tak více klidnější, že už víte, co znamenají? I ultrazvukové snímky, které si s radostí pořizujete téměř při každé návštěvě poradny, obsahují mnohé pro vás nevysvětlitelné zkratky. Podívejte se na přehled těch nejužívanějších v abecedním pořadí.

Zkratky v těhotenské průkazce

  • AS – akce srdečního plodu
  • CS – cervix skóre
  • HYPERTENZE – vysoký krevní tlak
  • KO – krevní obraz
  • KS – krevní skupina
  • MULTIPARA – žena s více porody
  • POLOHA – vztah podélné osy plodu k podélné ose dělohy
  • PRIMIGRAVIDA – žena poprvé těhotná
  • PRIMIPARA – prvorodička
  • TK – krevní tlak

Zkratky na ultrazvuku

  • AC (abdomen circumference) – obvod břicha plodu
  • BPD (biparietal diameter) – vzdálenost temenních kostí plodu; spolu s dalšími parametry možno určit pravděpodobnou váhu plodu
  • BPP (biparietální průměr – to samé, co BPD, ale v české verzi
  • CRL (crown-rump-length) – vzdálenost mezi temenem a kostrčí zárodku, která se měří ultrazvukem; podle naměřené velikosti se určuje délka těhotenství v prvních 12 týdnech těhotenství
  • DOPPLER ACM – měření průtokové rychlosti v mozku plodu
  • DOPPLER AU – měření průtokové rychlosti krve v pupečníkové cévě; zjišťuje se dostatek živin a kyslíku plodu
  • DS – dolní segment – dolní část dělohy, jejíž hranice je v místě úponu močového měchýře
  • FL (femur length) – délka stehenní kosti; spolu s dalšími parametry možno určit pravděpodobnou váhu plodu
  • HC (head circumference) – obvod hlavy plodu
  • NB (nasal bone) – nosní kost; vyšetřuje se ve 12. týdnu těhotenství, její nepřítomnost upozorňuje na možnou genetickou vadu plodu
  • NT (nuchal translucence) – šíjové projasnění plodu ve 12. týdnu těhotenství, hodnota více než 3 mm svědčí pro možnou genetickou vadu plodu
  • PA – pohybová aktivita plodu
  • PPH PI – poloha podélná hlavičkou, postavení první (záda plodu vlevo)
  • PPH PII – poloha podélná hlavičkou, postavení druhé (záda plodu vpravo)
  • PPKP – poloha podélná koncem pánevním
  • PV – plodová voda
  • SITUS TRANSVERSUS – poloha příčná
  • SITUS OBLIQUUS – poloha šikmá
  • VCC (VSV) – vrozená vada srdce
  • VVV – vrozené vývojové vady plodu
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Základní těhotenská vyšetření, aneb co vás čeká?

Základní těhotenská vyšetření, aneb co vás čeká?

V případě, že vaše těhotenství je fyziologické, bez výraznějších komplikací a rizik, pak vaše pravidelná vyšetření budou probíhat podle obvyklého schématu.